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Fixed Penalty Notices

The use of Fixed Penalty Notices (FPNs) is one of a range of enforcement measures available to Local Authorities to help tackle low level environmental crime.

An FPN can be issued for environmental offences such as:

  • Dropping litter - which includes discarded paper, plastic items, materials associated with smoking, eating, drinking and chewing gum
  • Dog fouling
  • Graffiti and Fly-posting
  • Nuisance parking
  • Abandoned vehicles
  • Unauthorised distribution of literature on designated land
  • Failing to provide a waste carrier licence
  • Failure to provide a waste transfer note
  • Failure to nominate a key holder or give the council key holder details in an alarm notification area
  • Noise from dwellings and licensed premises

Local Authorities in Wales have the power to set the amount charged for an FPN. The Environmental Offences (Fixed Penalties) (Miscellaneous Provisions) (Wales) Regulations 2008 enables Local Authorities to set the amount of a FPN which can range from £75 to £150.  If an authority does not make use of this power, a standard default amount (of either £75 or £100) applies.

The level of an FPN issued for a noise offence is also set by the Local Authority and is determined by the type of offence.

FPN Penalty Levels

 Offence  Default penalty amount  Maximum penalty amount
 Litter   £75  £150
 Dog fouling   £75  £150
 Graffiti and fly-posting   £75   £150
 Noise from dwellings  £100   £150
 Noise from licensed premises   N/A  Amount fixed at £500
 Nuisance parking   N/A  Amount fixed at £100

For further information on FPNs, please refer to our guidance.

2017-18 Fixed Penalty Notice Returns

The Fixed Penalty Notices (FPNs) issued have decreased from 29,758 in 2016-17 to 27,863 in 2017-18.

2016-17 Fixed Penalty Notice Returns

The Fixed Penalty Notices (FPNs) issued have increased from 18,867 in 2015-16 up to 29,758 in 2016-17.

2015-16 Fixed Penalty Notice Returns

The Fixed Penalty Notices (FPNs) issued have increased from 14,246 in 2014-15 up to 18,867 in 2015-16.

2014-15 Fixed Penalty Notice Returns

The Fixed Penalty Notices (FPN's) issued have increased from 13,598 in 2013-14 up to 14,246 in 2014-15.